Federal Agriculture Minister Gerry Ritz
Private Member's Bill C-474 was defeated in the House of Commons on Wednesday night by a 178 to 98 vote.
The Bill would have introduced market acceptance criteria to the introduction of a new genetically modified seed.
It was brought forward by NDP Agriculture Critic Alex Atamanenko.
Federal Agriculture Minister Gerry Ritz says it was critical that our system remain based firmly in science, not in politcs.
He said it was "troubling that the Liberals and NDP would not stand unanimously with farmers against this short sighted bill."